What Are The 5 Different Skin Types?

by Khadija MAWHOUB

Healthy skin is divided into five skin types: Normal, Dry, Oily, Sensitive and Combination Skin. The skin type is determined by genetic factors. However, individual skin condition varies depending on the various internal and external factors that affect the skin. Find out here which features identify a specific skin type. Use these criteria to quickly determine your individual skin type.

Normal Skin

Normal skin is characterized by a smooth structure with fine pores, a rosy complexion and a dull skin that is neither greasy nor dry. In addition, it reacts rather insensitive to environmental influences.

Since most people produce sebum either too heavily ( oily skin ) or too weak ( dry skin ), normal skin is relatively rare and usually found only in younger people. But that too can change in the course of life. Because aging skin tends to dryness again.

Even if normal skin is not very demanding, it should be properly cleaned and cared for. If you neglect them or too much, the skin type can change: External factors such as stress, fatigue, environmental influences or too aggressive cleaning products can also dry out normal skin and impair the skin barrier. The skin then becomes dry and loses its healthy appearance.

Therefore, it is also important for normal skin to use daily moisturizer and mild cleansing products that constantly provide the skin with sufficient moisture. Then the skin remains smooth and supple.

Dry Skin

One of the most common skin types is dry skin. It is characterized by a constant feeling of tension. The dry parts can even cause itching. In this context, it is not uncommon that the skin is red and cracked and sometimes even has scaly or pimples. That does not just apply to the face. In fact, the lower legs, elbows, and hands are the most commonly affected, as they contain very few sebaceous glands compared to other parts of the body. Dry skin can feel and look like parchment paper. As a result, fine wrinkles on the face are favored.

Other reasons for a dry skin type may be a genetic predisposition and hormone fluctuations as well as environmental influences such as very hot or very cold temperatures or a wrong diet. For example, if you drink too little or eat one-sidedly the skin lacks moisture and this may cause dry skin. Also diseases like atopic dermatitis or psoriasis can be the causes of dry skin.

Oily Skin

Oily skin is characterized by a latent shine on the skin – especially in the face in the T-zone. It is a sign of excessive sebum production and enlarged pores. The effect may appear in different areas of the face, depending on whether the sebaceous gland produces more or less sebum. Most sufferers feel the shine on the skin as unpleasant, but greasy skin also has an advantage: The wrinkling is much later than other skin types.

Mostly, oily skin is genetically conditioned. Just a few hormonal signals are enough to start fat production. The wrong cleansing and unsuitable make-up can stimulate the production of sebum, which makes the skin even shinier. Accordingly, it is recommended to treat oily skin with lukewarm water and a gentle cleaning foam (with a pH of less than 6) or weekly peels.

As a rule, you do not have to see a doctor because of oily skin. However, if inflammation develops, it may be helpful to consult a dermatologist. In general, however, with the right hygiene, you can get the problem under control quite well on your own.

Combination Skin

Combination skin is also one of the common skin types. It is a mixture of oily skin and normal to dry skin, which occurs in different areas. This makes cleaning difficult because the dry spots require different care than the greasy spots. Many people have combination skin on the face but other parts of the body, such as the back can be affected.

As with oily and dry skin, it depends on the cleaning. Use special cleansing lotions and toners that are tailored to your skin type. It may even be that you have to buy a special product for the different zones in order to care for them optimally. With a gentle facial cleansing, however, you can also get a grip on these problems. In addition, it can also help to ensure a balanced diet.

Sensitive Skin

Sensitive skin should be treated with extreme caution, as it responds instantly to incorrect care products or even sun exposure with redness and inflammation. it also tends to allergies. For example, contact allergies such as nickel or Diseases such as rosacea can be intensified by sensitive skin.

At the same time, sensitive skin also tends to be dry because it lacks moisture. Accordingly, the care products should not only be moisturizing but should also consist of mild ingredients and be free of perfumes. It is therefore often recommended to baby oils or other baby products, as they usually have only skin-friendly ingredients. For sensitive skin, you should definitely visit a dermatologist.

Proper Facial Cleansing

Always look for products that match your skin type. A wrong choice can add extra weight to dry skin and oily skin. It is best to have your skin type determined by a dermatologist or beautician. Then you know exactly which products you should use for facial cleansing and care. It is important to gently cleanse the skin.

Tip: Over-care is almost as bad as no facial cleansing. Frequent washing and grooming of the skin can destroy their environment and even aggravate skin problems.

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